The National Environmental Protection Act of 1969 (NEPA), and a collection of other laws and authorities stipulate the minimum environmental standards that projects and activities receiving Federal money must meet. After the enactment of NEPA, Federal agencies incorporated these environmental standards and responsibilities into their own regulations.
HUD incorporated NEPA into Parts 50, 51, 55, and 58 of Title 24 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). In Part 50, HUD assumes responsibility for performing environmental reviews and ensuring that environmental standards are met. In Part 58, grantees of certain HUD programs, including the HOME Program, must assume this responsibility. PJs, state recipients, and insular areas are the Responsible Entities (REs) charged with ensuring that environmental standards are met when implementing the HOME Program. As the enforcers of federal, state, and local environmental standards, it is vital for PJs to understand the environmental review process and areas of environmental compliance covered under NEPA.
The following sections provide details of the various stages of the environmental review process as these apply to different types of projects.