One-third to one-half of all homes have damp conditions which may result in the development of pollutants such as molds and bacteria, which can cause allergic reactions as well as infectious diseases. By controlling moisture, one can control mold.
Sources of moisture giving rise to mold problems include pipe leaks and breaks, faulty HVAC and mechanical systems, leaking windows and roofs and any other defects that result in wet or damp building materials. According to the EPA, mold can begin to grow within 48 hours. Therefore, property owners must act quickly to clean up and dry water-damaged areas immediately to prevent mold growth.
Different climates have different moisture problems. The types of construction and weather can lead to problems as well as solutions. Dehumidification is especially important in hot and humid climates and humidity control in cold climates. Let's take a closer look at the two types of moisture problems:
- Insufficient Moisture, the easier to address, may dry nasal passages and lead to respiratory problems. With humidifiers and vaporizers, the moisture in a home can be increased.
- Excess Moisture, the more complex problem, often results in condensation (i.e. on surface of windows), mold/mildew and sweating water pipes.
What are some possible solutions? See Moisture Damage.