Housing Accessibility Guidelines cont'd
2. Accessible and usable public and common use areas.
provides that covered multifamily dwellings with a building entrance on an accessible
route shall be designed in such a manner that the public and common use areas
are readily accessible to and usable by handicapped persons.
The following chart identifies the public and common use areas that should be
made accessible, cites the appropriate section of the ANSI Standard, and describes
the appropriate application of the specifications, including modifications to
the referenced Standard.
Components for Accessible and
Usable Public and Common Use Areas or Facilities
element or space
the boundary of the site:
From public transportation stops, accessible parking spaces,
accessible passenger loading zones, and public streets
or sidewalks to accessible building entrances (subject to
site considerations describes in section 5).
Connecting accessible buildings, facilities, elements and spaces that are on the
same site. On-grade walks or paths between separate buildings with covered multifamily
dwellings, while not required, should be accessible unless the slope of finish
grade exceeds 8.33% at any point along the route. Handrails are not required on
these accessible walks.
Connecting accessible building or facility entrances with accessible spaces and
elements within the building or facility, including adaptable dwelling units.
site or legal constraints prevent a route accessible to wheelchair users between
covered multifamily dwellings and public or common-use facilities elsewhere on
the site, an acceptable alternative is the provision of access via a vehicular
route so long as there is accessible parking on an accessible route to at least
2% of covered dwelling units, and necessary site provisions such as parking and
curb cuts are available at the public or common use facility.
routes or maneuvering space including , but not limited to halls,
corridors, passageways, or aisles.
Ground and floor surface treatments
routes, and spaces, including floors, walks, ramps, stairs,
and curb ramps.
Parking and passenger loading zones
provided at the site, designated accessible parking at the dwelling
unit on request of residents with handicaps, on the same terms
and with the full range of choices (e.g. surface parking or
garage) that are provided for other residents of the project,
with accessible parking on a route accessible to wheelchairs
for at least 2% of the dwelling units: accessible visitor parking
sufficient to provide access to gradelevel entrances of covered
multifamily dwelling: and accessible parking at facilites (e.g.
swimming pools) that serve accessible building.
routes crossing crubs.
routes with slopes greater than 1:20.
on accessible routes connecting levels not connected by an elevator.
be used in lieu of an elevator or ramp under certain conditions.
Drinking fountains and water coolers
percent of fountains and coolers on each floor, or at least
one, if provided in the facility or the site.
Toilet rooms and bathing facilities (including water closets,
toilet rooms and stalls, urinals, lavatories and mirrors, bathtubs,
shower stalls, and sinks.)
provided in public-use and common-use facilities, at least one
on each fixture provided per room.
Seating, tables, or work surfaces
provided in accessible spaces, at least one of each type provided.
Places of assembly
provided in the facility or at the site.
Common-use spaces and facilities (including swimming pools,
playgrounds, entrances, rental offices, lobbies, elevators,
mailbox areas, lounges, halls and corridors,and the like.)
provided in the facility or at the site:
Where multiple recreational facilities (e.g. tennis courts) are provided sufficient
accessible facilities of each type equitable opportunity for use by persons with
Where practical, access to all or a portion of nature trails and jogging paths
provided in the facility or at the site, at least one of each
type of appliance provided in each laundry area, except that
laudry rooms serving covered multifamily dwellings would not
be required to have front loading washers in order to meet the
requirements of §100.205(c)(1). (Where front loading washers
are not provided, management will be expected to provide assistive
devices on request if necessary to permit a resident to use
a top loading washer.)
3. Usable doors.
Section 100.205(c)(2) provides that covered multifamily
dwellings with a building entrance on an accessible route shall be designed in
such a manner that all the doors designed to allow passage into and within all
premises are sufficiently wide to allow passage by handicapped persons in wheelchairs.
Section 100.205(c)(2) would apply to doors that are a part of an accessible route
in the public and common use areas of multifamily dwellings and to doors into
and within individual dwelling units.
On accessible routes in public and common use areas, and for primary entry doors
to covered units, doors that comply with ANSI 4.13 would meet this requirement.
individual dwelling units, doors intended for user passage through the unit which
have a clear opening of at least 32 inches nominal width when the door is open
90 degrees, measured between the face of the door and the stop, would meet this
requirement. (See Fig. 1 (a), (b), and (c).) Openings more than 24 inches in depth
are not considered doorways. (See Fig. 1(d).)
A 34-inch door, hung in the standard manner, provides an acceptable nominal 32-inch
clear opening. This door can be adapted to provide a wider opening by using offset
hinges, by removing lower portions of the door stop, or both.
Pocket or sliding
doors are acceptable doors in covered dwelling units and have the added advantage
of not impinging on clear floor space in small rooms.
The nominal 32-inch
clear opening provided by a standard six-foot sliding patio door assembly is acceptable.