Service Coordinators assist elderly individuals
and persons with disabilities, living in federally-assisted multifamily housing,
to obtain needed supportive services from community agencies. Services are intended
to prevent premature and inappropriate institutionalization.
living with assistance is a preferable, lower cost housing alternative to institutionalization
for many frail older persons and persons with disabilities. An estimated 365,000
persons living in HUD-assisted housing experience some form of frailty, and this
number will increase as people living in those units grow older. By arranging
for delivery of some services, Service Coordinators can extend the length and
improve the quality of independent living.
HUD provides funding through three mechanisms
at this time: (1) a national competition with other properties for a limited amount
of grant funding, (2) the use of the development's residual receipts or excess
income, or (3) budget-based rent increases or special rent adjustments.
Owners of Section 202, Section 8, Section 221(d)(3)
below-market interest rate, and Section 236 developments may apply for funding.
Eligibility for grant funding is limited to those developments designed for the
elderly and persons with disabilities, including any such building within a mixed-use
project originally designed for them or where the owner gives preferences in tenant
selection (with HUD approval).
Service Coordinators can serve residents who
are elderly or have a disability. "Elderly" is defined as age 62 or older. "Disabled"
is defined three ways: 1) has a disability as defined in Section 223 of the Social
Security Act; 2) has a physical, mental, or emotional impairment expected to be
of long, continued, and indefinite duration that impedes the individual's ability
to live independently, or 3) has a developmental disability.
Service Coordinator program funding
covers service coordinator salaries and fringe benefits, training, quality assurance,
and relevant administrative expenses. Service coordinators assess resident needs;
identify and link residents to appropriate services, and monitor the delivery
of services. Services involve activities of residents' daily living (ADLs), such
as eating, dressing, bathing, grooming, transferring, and home management. A service
coordinator may also educate residents about what services are available and how
to use them, and help residents build informal support networks with other residents,
family, and friends. The service coordinator may not require any elderly or disabled
family to accept the supportive services.
An annual Notice of Funding Availability (NOFA)
announces funding for new grants. The NOFA provides all eligibility criteria and
application submission information. Development owners may request use of residual
receipts, excess income, or a budget-based rent increase or special rent adjustment
for the purpose of hiring a Service Coordinator at any time, following guidance
in the Office of Housing's Management Agent Handbook 4381.5, Revision-2, Change-2,
Chapter 8. See HUDCLIPS for a list of current NOFAs.
In Federal fiscal
year 2006, HUD awarded 75 grants for a total of $12,105,849. These grants will
serve 78 developments, with a total of 6,038 units.
Legislative authority for Service Coordinators
in Assisted Housing includes Section 808 of the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable
Housing Act (NAHA) (42 USC 8012), which amended Section 202 of the Housing Act
of 1959 [12 USC 1701 q (g)]. The Housing and Community Development Act Amendments
of 1992 amended Section 808 through Sections 674 and 677, and added Sections 675
and 676. section 851 of the American Homeownership and Economic Opportunity Act
of 2000 (Pub.L. 106-569, further amended these Acts, allowing Service Coordinators
to serve low-income elderly and disabled persons living in the vicinity of the
development served by the grant.